In order to reward citizens and organizations that have made outstanding contributions in scientific and technological progress, raise enthusiasm and creativity of scientists and technologists, speed up the development of science and technology and improve their overall national strength, the State Council of the People's Republic of China issued the " Technical Award Ordinance", the ordinance reads as follows:

The State Council established the National Science and Technology Awards, which includes the State Preeminent Science and Technology Award, the State Natural Science Award, the State Technological Invention Award, the State Scientific and Technological Progress Award and the China International Science and Technology Cooperation Award.